Unlike their rulers, the Kurds were not able to preserve their written literature or what existed has been destroyed during many wars between many empires in Kurdistan. Furthermore the Kurdish scholars were employed by the courts of the shahs and sultans and were obliged to write in the official languages of the courts be it Persian, Arabic or Turkish. During the 20th century due to policies of assimilation and denial of existence, again the Kurds were not able to develop their literature.
Despite these difficulties facing the Kurdish nation, there are some surviving written texts and many of the oral history and literature are re-written in modern times. The Kurdish spirit is revealed in their literature, folk songs and music.
An important chapter in the history of Kurdish literature is connected with the name of Prince Sharaf Khan Bitlisi, author of an exceptional book,