Ehmede Xane


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Offline avin_zaxo

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Ehmede Xane
« on: April 19, 2007, 03:07:21 PM »
Ehmedê Xanî, (or Ahmad Khani), (1650-1707) was a Kurdish writer, poet and philosopher. He was born amongst the Khani's tribe in Hakkari province in present-day Turkey. He moved to Bayezid in Ritkan province and settled there. Later he started with teaching Kurdish (Kurmanji) at basic level. Khani was fluent in Kurdish , Arabic and Persian. He wrote his Arabic-Kurdish vocabulary "Nûbihara Biçûkan" (The Spring of Children) in 1683 to help children with their learning process.

His most important work is the Kurdish classic love story "Mem and Zin"(Mem û Zîn) (1692), is considered to be the épopée of the Kurdish literature. He is believed to be the first Kurd who has discussed about Kurdish independence [1]. In his Mem û Zîn , there is a long poem of more than 2,650 distiches, about this. He also created a good picture of Kurdish life in 17th century in his works.

In his work Kurdish patriotism and Kurdish reality are incredibly powerful. His nationalist interest and awareness was amongst pioneers for his time. When people of the Middle East were in the midst of religious conflicts to identify themselves as Christian and Muslim rather than by their ethnic origins, Xanî's proposal was circulating around an independent Kurdistan. The remarkable fact is that Xanî lived before the rise of modern nationalism. His other work include a book called Eqîdeya Îmanê' (The Path of Faith), which is part poem and part prose. The book explains the five pillars of Islamic faith. It has been published in 2000, in Sweden.
« Last Edit: December 30, 2008, 09:07:32 PM by aryan »
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Offline aryan

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Re: Ehmed
« Reply #1 on: April 19, 2007, 03:17:14 PM »
dast xosh avin, bixode tu gulilka  delani li hami babeta zirek u shahrazei
gelak cuwane avin,bravo


EHMEDỀ XANỀ (1061-1120 H)


Ehmedê Xanê is the first Kurdish poet who called in his poetic heritage for independence from the Ottoman Empire; therefore he is the first national poet in Kurdish literature.


He has got a considerable fame not only for his people but also for the orientalists interested in Kurdish-literature issues. This happened through his poetic epic Mem Û Zîn which made him as great as Homer, Virgil and Dante.


As Joseph Apkarovech Orbely says "when talking about orient's poets who are very close to the people's interests we must mention the Persian poet Al-Ferdawsi ,the Georgian poet Rostaphely and the Kurdish poet Xanê " .

Both the Russian orientalist Alexander Zaba and the French orientalist Lesco .The later was taught Kurdish through Celadet Bedirxan and he spoke highly of Xanê. Moreover, Lesco translated Mem u Zîn into French in 1942, thus, this translation has occupied a prestigious position in the French literature.


As Mohammad Said Ramadan Al-Booty says in his introduction about the translated work of the same poetic epic into Arabic:"Xanê himself has played a great part in the national side of his people and their cause because he has published a small poetic dictionary that was one of the best dictionaries named Nû Bihar. Plus, he has written Aqidat Al-Iman (the Doctrine of Faith) in order to present a definition for the Islamic faith ".Xanê has taken part in constructing schools and teaching there, and he has got fantastic courtesy poems and social criticism as well.
« Last Edit: December 30, 2008, 09:06:32 PM by aryan »



Offline avin_zaxo

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Re: Ehmed
« Reply #2 on: April 20, 2007, 08:30:27 AM »
spass her sax bi
dastent te xush tir aryan'  :-*

love writing poems and reading
love my zaxoka dalal